Going through a divorce is always difficult. You will have to deal with issues such as property division, spousal support, and child custody and visitation. You might wonder whether New York is a community property state. An experienced New York divorce lawyer can help you so that you know what to expect.
Is New York a Community Property State?
New York was once a community property state, however, that is not the case any longer. Instead, it is now an equitable distribution state, which means that all property acquired throughout the marriage in Manhattan or the New York City area, is distributed in a way that’s considered equitable among the spouses.
It’s important to know that “equitable” doesn’t necessarily mean that the property is split evenly between the couple. Instead, it means that marital property is divided fairly.
What is the Difference Between Marital and Separate Property?
Some people may be confused when it comes to marital and separate property when going through a divorce. Your family law attorney may be able to help you to get a better understanding of the differences between these types of property.
Marital property is the property that the couple acquired during the marriage. It doesn’t matter if those things were gained by only one spouse or by both, jointly. This is the property that gets distributed as part of the divorce settlement.
Meanwhile, separate property is the property that either party acquired before the marriage took place. Whether the person purchased it or inherited it as a gift, these items remain separate during the divorce.
The following are considered separate property and not subject to division per the divorce settlement:
• Any property acquired by either spouse prior to the marriage.
• Gifts or inheritances left to one only one of the spouses.
• Personal injury settlements awarded to only one spouse.
• Property deemed separate in a prenuptial agreement or postnuptial agreement.
All other property would be considered marital property and would be equitably distributed as part of the divorce settlement.
What Is The Best Way To Divide Debt In New York Divorce Proceedings?
Most people consider how assets will be split when they are preparing to divorce. What happens to the property? Can I get a share of the pension? We hear these questions frequently from clients. Some people may not know that debts accrued during marriages, like assets, must also be divided.
If a debt is linked to an asset, such as a mortgage or loan for a purchase of a car, it will often remain with that asset. The debt will usually be borne by the owner of the asset. Other “unassociated” debts or unsecured (like credit card) debts must be shared between the spouses and hopefully discharged in the divorce decree.
In most cases, marital debts are those accumulated by either spouse during marriage. They also constitute equal obligations of both parties. However, there is some room for derogation if one of the spouses incurs debts that are not marital. For example, secret purchases made during extramarital activity. These debts will likely be the exclusive obligation of the guilty party.
It is important to speak with an experienced divorce lawyer when dealing with debts in a divorce. Having a skilled divorce attorney can help you understand your rights and responsibilities when it comes to the division of debts and assets. Call the Law Office of Ryan Besinque today to speak with our experienced New York City divorce attorneys.
How Does the Court Determine Equitable Distribution of Property in a Divorce?
When a couple in New York City gets a divorce, the court will determine how their marital property is equitably split. The judge will determine a variety of factors before making a decision on property division. Those factors include the following:
• Each spouse’s age and overall health
• The duration of the marriage
• The financial contribution of each spouse to the marriage
• The amount of time each spouse spent at home to tend to household affairs and care for the children
• The income and assets of either spouse and whether either spouse wasted marital assets.
• Each spouse’s potential earning capacity
• Health insurance or inheritance a spouse might lose due to the divorce
• An award of spousal maintenance to one spouse from the court
• Tax implications of property division
Various other factors might also be examined by the judge when determining the division of property. The court will also take into consideration any agreements between divorcing spouses. If a couple is able to agree on how to split their marital property, the judge can amend it in the divorce settlement. However, if the couple is unable to come to an agreement, the judge will make a decision based on the above factors and ensure that the property is equitably divided. To contact an experienced New York divorce lawyer, please call today at (929) 251-4477.